ADVERSE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCE STUDY

"If the brain can be hurt, it can be healed."

 

There are many great resources online to learn about the ACE Study. (In fact, here is one of our favorite short videos on it.) We have listed a few to help you on your journey to understanding what childhood adversity is and why it is so important we support healthy, resilient families! 

 

Iowa ACE Study

Iowa has developed it's own ACE study! Learn about those findings on their webpage or download the report. 

 

Prevent Child Abuse Iowa has also developed a free web based training anyone can access to learn more: "The ACE Study: It's Impact and Our Opportunity"

 

Video

Learn about how to reduce the impact of trauma with acts of kindness

Learn about how you can change the moment-and change the future! 

Early Learning Matters

The Still Face Experiment

Understanding Complex Trauma

Fight or Flight in Traumatized Children

Why do Traumatized Children Act Out?

Infographs

The Impact of Childhood Trauma and Building Resliency

 

"There is Hope" Childhood Trauma Infograph

 

Robert Wood Johnson: The Truth About ACES

 

Spokane Regional Health: "Stress and Early Brain Development"

 

 

Research Briefs

Neurobiology of Stress from Prevent Child Abuse Iowa

 

Promoting Resilience from Prevent Child Abuse Iowa 

 

Articles

The Toll of ACES 

Parental Response to Trauma

 

ACE Resource Sites

ACES Too High

ACES Too High - Iowa Group

Child Trauma Academy

National Center for Children Exposed to Violence

Midwest Trauma Center

Center for Disease Control

Sanctuary Model

Child Mind Institute

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Building Resilience and Healing

APA The Road to Resilience

Integrative Restoration Institute

Self Care After Trauma

Understanding Empathy

Dr. Nadine Burke Harris on Resilience

ACE Informed Programs

Center for Youth Wellness

The Role of Relationships in Trauma Informed Integrated Care

Trauma Informed Care in Child Welfare

Trauma Informed Pediatric Care

The Health Center at Walla Walla

How Trauma Impacts the Developing Brain

Zero to Three

Harvard Center on the Developing Child

Alberta Family Wellness Video How Brains are Built

Brain Builders

Epigentics

Iowa ACES 360 White Paper

Epigenetics Video

Epigenetics and Influence on Genes

More Resources

Foundational Information

Individual and Families

Community

Professionals

 

CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES ARE POWERFUL DETERMINANTS OF WHO WE BECOME AS ADULTS

The Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) Study was led by Co-researchers Dr. Vincent Felitti and Dr. Rob Anda and helped redefine how we look at public health in our country. The ACE study has been said to be the most important public health study of our time and the overall findings were that:

 

  1. Early childhood toxic stress is entirely too common

  2. Early childhood toxic stress is in fact the basis for many common public health and social problems

  3. childhood adversities are a strong predictor of later social malfunction, mental illness, health risks, disease and premature death.

 

In short, childhood experiences are powerful determinants of who we become as adults.

 

Specifically, the presence of chronic stress-or stress experienced at a young age over and over again at the hands of those who are supposed to know, love and care for children-can have a negative impact on a person’s well-being. 

 

Adverse Childhood Experiences is the term given to the study to explain chronic or toxic stress. Toxic stress occurs when a child experiences prolonged, severe and frequent stress without support from an adult. In the ACE study researchers identified a few specific adversities related to toxic stress. They are events such as physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, physical and emotional neglect and family dysfunction -including incarceration, mental illness or substance abuse of a household member, domestic violence, parental separation or divorce.

 

The Adverse Childhood Experience Study was able to help us understand how chronic and toxic stress results in actual changes in a child’s brain development-changes that affect a child’s cognitive, social and mental health. In fact, the Center for Disease Control call the ACE study “one of, if not the leading determinant of the health and social well-being of our nation.” 

 

Scientific research shows that chronic stress can cause significant changes to the way a child’s brain develops. These changes impact the way a child is able to learn, play and grow. Chronic stress can negatively impact a child’s mental and physical health. These brain changes can cause a child to be unable to regulate their emotions and to calm or feel safe in an otherwise safe environment. These changes can also impact the way a child develops relationships with others in their life and can cause them to have difficulty learning. 

 

These impacts can lead to adoption of health risk behaviors such as smoking, overeating, drug use, alcoholism, promiscuity and other addictions. These behaviors and the inflammation caused from early chronic stress can cause later health problems including: diabetes, cancer, heart, lung and kidney disease, asthma, arthritis and a seemingly endless list of other health problems. 

 

The ACE study has allowed us to understand better than ever the importance of a stable and safe childhood. It also helps us to understand how we can help people heal from traumatic experiences. 

 

Recent brain research also paints a picture of hope. We know that Adverse Childhood Experiences are not a destiny and as one quote so eloquently reminds us “if the brain can be hurt, it can be healed.” 

 

Additionally, as Dr. Anda reminds us over and over again “if we can predict it, we can prevent it.” We can prevent it by creating communities in which everyone can thrive, building resiliency in families and helping people to understand the impact of trauma and heal from their experiences. Dr. Felitti has said before that “our current social problems are so complex we MUST invest in primary prevention programs.”

 

 Child Abuse Council has worked since 1977 to prevent the childhood adversities in our community and will continue to provide quality programs to prevent childhood adversity, support families and provide services necessary to help children and families heal. 

 

In addition to leading prevention efforts we can use what we learned from the ACE study to become Trauma Informed. Trauma Informed Care means to:

  • realize the high prevalence of trauma in our society

  • recognize the impact of trauma on individuals

  • respond by putting what we know into practice 

 

In 2013 Child Abuse Council, in partnership with Family Resources and funded by United Way of the Quad Cities, developed the Eastern Iowa-Western Illinois Trauma Informed Care Consortium . This consortium is a community initiative designed to implement a long term strategic change in the Quad Cities. This plan will coordinate community efforts based on research of the ACE study. 

 

Learn more about the impact of trauma and how childhood stress affects health and behavior. 

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